5 Common Types Of Mutual Fund

Mutual Fund

Investors are always on the lookout for safe havens where they may lodge their money and make significant returns over time. Every investment decision is driven by either a continuous stream of income or the construction of long-term wealth or both. 

Mutual funds serve a wide range of proof of fund providers or investors, and here are the five most prevalent mutual fund types that everyone should be familiar with.

5 Popular and common mutual fund types

Tax saving funds 

As the name says, these mutual funds are known for assisting investors in lowering their tax obligations. Section 80C of the Income Tax Act allows you to deduct up to Rs. 1.50 lakhs in tax-saving mutual funds in a single financial year.

These funds primarily invest in the stock market. As a result, there is some risk involved with this type of mutual fund. You can earn larger returns than an FD or PPF if it surpasses the benchmark.

Open-ended funds

This form of mutual fund allows you to maintain your investment or bank guarantee facility for as long as you desire without any higher or lower limits. The current NAV is used to determine subscriptions and redemptions.

A dedicated fund manager is usually assigned to make investment choices on behalf of the clients. Actively managed funds may have a higher expense ratio than passive products within certain categories. These mutual funds are ideal for individuals who want to participate in the stock market while also benefiting from liquidity.

Equity funds

These mutual funds put their money into company equity shares (stocks). On behalf of the investors, a dedicated fund manager makes investment decisions. It is critical to recognize that investing in equities directly can be rather dangerous. However, investing in stock funds is a less expensive option.

It provides you with the advantages of wealth creation as well as monthly payouts. In the worst-case situation, your NAV may fall slightly, compared to losing your entire investment in the equity market if you invest directly. This is accomplished through investing in a variety of particular funds, such as banking, oil and gas, infrastructure, automobiles, and so on.

Debt funds

These mutual funds invest in debt securities such as government bonds, fixed income assets, firm debentures, and so on, as their name suggests. As opposed to equity funds, debt funds are a safer investment alternative with fixed returns.

Short-term capital gains are taxed according to an individual investor’s tax bracket. Long-term capital gains are taxed at a flat rate of 20%, with indexation. You also debit funds with a standby letter of credit sblc.

Pension funds

Investors with a long-term perspective subscribe to these mutual funds. The main goal of investing in pension funds is to assure consistent returns when the individual retires.

The debt market and the stock market are both used to invest in pension funds. The equity portion offers larger profits at a higher risk, whereas the loan portion offers consistent returns. Returns can be received in the form of a lump payment, a pension, or both.


These are just five of the most important mutual fund types to understand. Before making any investment decision, you should conduct thorough research about proof of funds providers and assess your risk appetite and your financial needs.

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